- aimed at the peaceful resolution of international disputes, it was adopted by the League of Nations in October 1924. This amend-ment to the League Covenant proposed a broad extension of courts of arbitration and sought to institute the principle whereby signatory states would come to the assistance of any threatened member state. Requiring great-power approval, the protocol was quickly upheld by France. But the British government, swayed by a negative vote in the Committee of Imperial Defence, rejected it. Unable to commit to a defense of France, let alone pledge his country to defend Poland,* Austen Chamberlain announced on 12 March 1925 that Britain found the pro-tocol unacceptable. Yet while its concept of collective security proved abortive, it was a necessary prologue for the Locarno Treaties.*A resolution of October 1922, also labeled the Geneva Protocol, echoed Ar-ticle 88 of the Saint-Germain Treaty between Austria* and the Allies in pro-scribing "any economic or financial engagement calculated directly or indirectly to compromise" Austrian independence. The prohibition assumed importance in 1931 when steps were taken to form an Austro-German customs union.REFERENCES:Eyck, History of the Weimar Republic, vol. 2; Jacobson, Locarno Diplo-macy; Kent, Spoils ofWar.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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Geneva Protocol — The Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, usually called the Geneva Protocol, is a treaty prohibiting the first use of chemical and biological weapons … Wikipedia
Geneva Protocol — officially Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (1924) League of Nations draft treaty to ensure collective security in Europe. Submitted by Edvard Beneš, the protocol proposed sanctions against an aggressor nation and… … Universalium
Geneva Protocol — … Useful english dictionary
Geneva — city in Switzerland, from L. Genava, perhaps from a PIE root meaning вЂњestuaryвЂќ or one meaning вЂњbend;вЂќ in either case a reference to its situation. The city was the headquarters of the League of Nations from 1920. The original Geneva… … Etymology dictionary
Geneva Conventions — The Geneva Convention: The signature and seals page of the First Geneva Convention (1864), establishing humane rules of war. The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of… … Wikipedia
geneva — /jeuh nee veuh/, n. Hollands. [1700 10; < D genever < OF genevre < L juniperus JUNIPER] * * * I French Genève German Genf Italian Ginevra City (pop., 2001 est.: urban agglom., 464,000), capital of Geneva canton, southwestern Switzerland. At the… … Universalium
Geneva — /jeuh nee veuh/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of the canton of Geneva, in SW Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva: seat of the League of Nations 1920 46. 155,800. 2. a canton in SW Switzerland. 335,800; 109 sq. mi. (282 sq. km). 3. Lake of. Also … Universalium
protocol — 01. According to royal [protocol], you must never touch the Queen. 02. A [protocol] was signed to ensure cordial relations between nations. 03. The member broke [protocol] by approaching the organization without approval from the board. 04. The… … Grammatical examples in English
protocol — protocolar /proh teuh kol euhr/, protocolary, protocolic, adj. /proh teuh kawl , kol , kohl /, n. 1. the customs and regulations dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette. 2. an original draft, minute, or record from which a… … Universalium
Protocol I — Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1)IntroductionProtocol I is an amendment to the Geneva Conventions.Adopted on June 8, 1977 by… … Wikipedia